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Figures successor Aligarh movement

Written By latifah gurape on Friday, January 25, 2013 | 2:50 AM

Ahmad Khan devoted himself to the renewal through MAOC for about two decades. Further ideas are developed and distributed by students and supporters. Thus the Aligarh movement is still growing, even though he was dead. Aligarh Movement was led in turns by the leaders who fight for the Muslims of India. Among these are:


1. Sayyid Mahdi Ali (Nawab Muhsin al-Mulk) (1837-1907).

After Sayyid Ahmad Khan's death, then Aligarh leadership moved into the hands of Sayyid Mahdi Ali, known by the name of Nawab Muhsin al-Mulk (1837-1907). At first he was an employee Tifluk States of India, then a magnifying Hyderabad. He's never been to the UK for the purposes of the Government of Hyderabad. In 1863 he became acquainted with Sayyid Ahmad Khan and then tied a rope between a close friendship. He was much rnenulis article Tahzib Al Akhlaq and also in magazines published MAOC He moved to Aligarh and settled there starting in 1893. In 1897 he menggantikankan Sayyid Ahmad Khan's position in MAOC He has a great service in spreading the ideas of Sayyid Ahmad Khan is doing through Muhammedan Educational Conference.

Services in advancing MAOC seen as more number of students the institution, college finances improved, the administration is also well organized and the development of physical infrastructure development did not escape his attention. In the matter of religious Nawab Muhsin al-Mulk with opposing dogmatic ideas on ulama 'hold classic and new ijtihad. But in the face of scholars' classic he softer than Sayyid Ahmad Khan.

Muhsin al-Mulk succeeded in making India clerical faction change a hard stance against the Aligarh Movement. As we know that the scholars of Deoband that produce a lot of traditional Indian scholars, having an uncooperative attitude of the British, was Sayyid Ahmad Khan is famous for its pro-British stance. So between MAOC there are differences not only in religious matters but also on political attitudes. Muhsin al-Mulk not only brought the clerics near Aligarh, furthermore he was able to pull some political opponents of the founders of the university. He was the most peace-loving, but he also faced the Hindu-Urdu controversy that has existed since the late Sayyid Ahmad life.


2. Viqar al-Mulk (1841 1917)

Another influential figure was Viqar al-Mulk (1841 1917). Young since he has been a helper and followers of Sayyid Ahmad Khan. In 1907 he replaced Nawab Muhsin al-Mulk in leadership MAOC This time that the major changes in the university administration Aligarh, even the political wisdom of Muslims of India. Viqar al-Mulk named Mushtaq Hussain who was born 1841, in Moradabad District, United Pravinces. He is co-Sayyid Ahmad Khan and Muhsin al-Mulk. Together with Muhsin al-Mulk he always worked together in Aligarh administrative issues. During this Viqar Viqar conflict between al-Mulk with Mr. Archbold who became director of MAOC at that time. In this conflict Governor contiguous area Archbold Viqar al-Mulk was supported by the Agha Khan and Amir Ali and later by the Islamic society outside. Archbold eventually forced to resign. British rule in MAOC of since it began to decrease.

Viqar al-Mulk as a scholar and handle tough stance toward religion, religious life MAOC strengthening. Implementation of worship, especially prayer and fasting tightened supervision. Pass the exam, a requirement for religion to go up a level. The things mentioned above make MAOC become more popular among Indian scholars.


3. Altaf Hussain Hali (1837-1914).

Another famous Indian figures as a disseminator of ideas renewal Sayyid Ahmad Khan was Altaf Husain Hali (1837 1914). He has worked as a translator at the British Government offices in Lahore, but later moved to Delhi. This is where he became acquainted with Sayyid Ahmad Khan and the two became good friends. Hali-known as a poet, but he also wrote essays essay for Tahzib al-Akhlaq. At the request of Sayyid Ahmad Khan, he wrote a poem about the Islamic civilization in the Classical Era. Come out in 1879 what is known as the Musaddas.

Poetry, among others, also contains ideas Aligarh. Musaddas great influence on the Islamic ummah India, so it is said that in addition to MAOC and Muhammedan Educational Conference, Musaddas who has great merit in the popularizing Gerakah Aligarh. Against the education of women he sees the same parallels with men. Therefore, he is more progressive than Sayyid Ahmad Khan who considers that the time women do not need an education as men.


4. Muhammad Shibli Nu'mani

Muhammad Shibli Nu'mani (1857 1914) was appointed in 1883 as Assistant Professor of Arabic at Aligarh. He has a traditional Madrasah education and never went to Mecca and Medina to deepen his knowledge of Islam. When in MAOC, he met with new ideas put forward by the Aligarh Movement and was attracted to her. Madrasa education background, made him not have a liberal attitude Sayyid Ahmad Khan. But he does not oppose the use of reason in matters of religion; studying western philosophy is not haram. Scholars of classical antiquity studied and mastered many philosophies. Modern thought in the form of moderate acceptability.

Shibli Nu'mani no longer in the service at Aligarh and in the end he left it, and then went to Lucknow to lead college Nadwat al-Ulama (which he founded in 1894). Modern thought espoused moderate brings changes to these colleges.
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