After one or two months of the HIV virus enters the body, 40-90 percent of people infected experience symptoms similar to flu symptoms called acute retroviral syndrome (ARS).
However, the symptoms of HIV infection can not be detected until years later. "In the early stages of HIV infection are usually no symptoms of it. Therefore, if we are in the risk group, then it is better to see her," said Michael Horberg, director of HIV / AIDS Kaiser Permanente in Oakland, California.
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ARS is one of the symptoms of mild fever with body temperature reaching 38 degrees celsius. Fever is often accompanied by other mild symptoms, such as fatigue, sore throat, and swollen lymph nodes.
"In this phase, the virus moves into the bloodstream and begin to replicate in large quantities. Therefore, the inflammatory reaction by the body's immune system," said Carlos Malvestutto, infectious diseases and immunology instructor of the New York School of Medicine.
Inflammatory response in the body can also lead to feeling tired and out of energy. These symptoms can occur earlier or a few years later.
3. Muscle pain
ARS symptoms are often diagnosed as viral infections, influenza, mononucleosis, and even hepatitis and syphilis. This is not surprising because many similar symptoms, including pain in the muscles and joints. Swollen lymph glands are also common because it is part of the immune system will become inflamed when an infection. Lymph nodes are only present in the armpits, groin, neck as well.
4. Skin Rashes
Rashes on the skin in the form of reddish spots can occur in early or late stages of the HIV / AIDS. If the appearance of the rash can not be explained and you are a high risk of contracting HIV, immediately do the test.
5. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea
According to Dr. Malvestutto, 30-60 percent of people experience brief symptoms nausea, vomiting or diarrhea in early HIV infection. However, these symptoms can also arise due to antiretroviral therapy and infection stage.
6. Weight loss
Decrease in body weight (BW) is a sign of worsening disease and also because of severe diarrhea. "If weight loss has occurred, the immune system was exhausted. However, thanks to antiretroviral therapy, these symptoms are rare," said Malvestutto. Someone who has AIDS wasting syndrome typically lose 10 percent or more of their body weight, and have diarrhea or fatigue and fever more than 30 days.
7. Hacking cough and Pneumonia
Some HIV positive people also experience a dry cough that lasts for weeks and continues to deteriorate. Cough and agencies may also be due to taking care of serious infections caused by bacteria. When our immune system is in good condition, the bacteria do not cause problems. "There are a lot of opportunistic infections different in people with HIV. Pneumonia One AIDS, toxoplasmosis, herpes, and fungal infections," he said.