Europe has a cultural and economic history is long, starting from the Palaeolithic. Recent discoveries in Monte Poggiolo, Italy, from thousands of rock handmade carbon ditanggal far as 800,000 years ago, providing a crucial evidence.
The beginning of the democratic and individualistic culture of the West is often said to come from ancient Greek, although some other influences, such as Christianity, also have contributed to the spread of concepts such as eglitarianisme and the universality of law.
Roman Empire divided the continent along the Rhine and Danube for centuries. Following the decline of the Roman Empire, Europe experienced an increase known as the Age of Migration. The period known as the Dark Ages to the Renaissance. At this time, isolated monastic communities in Ireland and in several other places to maintain and collect carefully written knowledge previously collected. Renaissance and the New Monarchs marked the beginning of a period of discovery, exploration, and an increase in scientific knowledge. In the 15th century Portugal opened the initial discovery, followed by Spain. Then France, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom joined in building large colonial empires with vast territories in Africa, the Americas and Asia.
After the discovery, the concepts of democracy began to find its influence in Europe. The struggles for independence emerged, particularly in France in the period known as the French Revolution. This resulted in a major upheaval in Europe due to the revolutionary ideas spread to all continents. Resurgence of democracy led to increased pressure on Europe than tension-tension that has existed since the competition in the New World. Of these, the most famous conflict is when Napoleon Bonaparte seized power and formed the French Empire fell shortly afterwards. After these events, Europe is slowly becoming stable, but the remnants of the old concept of the period has started to crumble.
The Industrial Revolution began in Britain in the late 18th century, which led to a shift from agriculture, the growing prosperity and population growth. Many countries in Europe found that today looks like a post-World War II. Since the end of World War II to the Cold War, Europe is divided to two major political and economic blocks: Communist nations in Eastern Europe and the capitalist countries of Western Europe. Around 1989, the Eastern Bloc rupture simultaneously with the fall of the Berlin Wall.